The Valley of Tehuacan-Cuicatlán located in the states of Puebla and Oaxaca is now a World Heritage Site.
The area, which is home to more than 140 species of birds, was declared a World Heritage Site Monday.
“New inscription in the list of the #World Heritage of @UNESCO_en: Valley of Tehuacán-Cuicatlán – Primal Habitat of Mesoamerica, # Mexico Congratulations!” wrote the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture on their social media.
This valley, which consists of 145,255 hectares, protects both a cultural and natural heritage. It is the habitat of many unique species, among them the large columnar cacti forests and specimens of endangered fauna.
“It protects around 141 species of birds, among which are hummingbirds, which are considered important pollinators for some cacti and protects 10 percent of the 30,000 species of vascular plants described for Mexico,” says the Mexican Secretariat of the Environment.
In terms of its cultural wealth, the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley houses vestiges that go back to the origin of agriculture and the transition from hunter-gatherer societies to sedentary Neolithic societies, among them, cave paintings, cemeteries, mounds, constructions and citadels .
In Mexican legislation, this area has been under protection since 1998 and in 2012 it was declared a Biosphere Reserve.
Tehuacán is located in Puebla and means “place of the gods” while Cuicatlán in Oaxaca means “land that sings”.
It was the second time that this exceptional Mexican site applied for the Unesco status, after a failed first attempt in 2016.